The word addiction comes from the Latin term “addictus” which means enslavement. The modern definition of drug addiction is the persistent and compulsive use of a harmful substance where the user is aware that the substances can harm his body. Anyone who has suffered from addiction understands why this word connotes slavery.
Addiction can influence the brain in three different ways. First, the person craves the object of addiction. Second, the person loses control of the way he uses the object of his craving. Third, the person continues to use it even if he knew that the substance has an adverse effect on his body.
There are many kinds of addiction that are seen in the world today. Some of them can be gambling, sex, internet, shopping, video games, plastic surgeries, and food addiction. This article focuses on drug addiction since many people may not understand how others become drug addicts.
Some people mistakenly thought that those who use drugs do not have willpower and moral principles. Some think that people who use drug can simply stop whenever they want. In truth, everything about addiction is not as simple as what others think. In terms of drug addiction, quitting is more than just strong will and good intentions. Drugs can change the way the brain is wired and quitting becomes harder than ever. Fortunately, many researchers have found treatments that can help people recover from their drug addiction.
What Happens to the Brain after Taking Drugs?
Drugs are considered as chemicals. When a person puts these chemicals into his body through injecting, smoking, eating or inhaling them, they go directly to the brain’s communication system. These drugs normally manipulate the way the nerve cells send and receive information. For more information about drug addiction, click this link here.
These drugs work by imitating the chemical messengers of the brain and overstimulating the brain’s reward circuit. If a person feels good after taking a drug, he will continue using it even if the long-term effects are bad for his health. When a person takes drugs for the first time, the part of the brain called the nucleus accumbens is flooded with dopamine. Dopamine is a kind of neurotransmitter. When the brain releases dopamine in large amounts, it creates a feeling of reward and pleasure. Surges of dopamine can motivate a person to repeat a certain unhealthy behavior such as taking drugs.
More Drugs in the Long Run
The first time that a person takes a drug, it can be a free choice. When the drug is taken continuously, the brain will adapt by reducing the reward circuit response that it produces. This means that in the long run, the person will have to take more drugs to achieve the same high that they have experienced during their first time. They might even find the previous activities that they find pleasurable such as social activities, food or shopping to be lacking compared to drugs.
Kinds of Drugs
There are a lot of drugs out there that can produce different effects on the body. Marijuana, hashish and cannabis substances can be inhaled, eaten, or smoked. They can give a feeling of euphoria. There are heightened feelings of auditory, taste, and visual perception, and exaggerated cravings for certain food in the middle of the night.
Spice, K2, and bath salts are a group of synthetic drugs that are mostly illegal. They can be prepared as an herbal tea and they can produce elevated moods, an extreme sense of euphoria, and increased blood pressure. Bath salts can alter the mind similar to the effects of cocaine and ecstasy.
Benzodiazepines, Hypnotics, and Barbiturates are used as depressants for the central nervous system. People are often addicted to them because they can produce a sense of relaxation. They can also be used as sedatives and to forget any stressful thoughts.
Cocaine, Methamphetamines and other stimulants can boost the energy of a person. They can promote increased alertness, behavior aggression and feelings of exhilaration. There are a lot more drugs in the market today such as inhalants, hallucinogens, club drugs, and painkillers with opium.
Rebuild Your Life
When a person knows that he has an addiction and reaches out for help, then this is one of the bravest decisions that he will ever do in his life. Getting his life back in control after making a lot of bad choices requires courage and strength. You can get more information about how to rebuild your life with http://www.projectunbroken.com.
The first step is to visit your doctor. If your doctor does not specialize in drug treatment, ask for a referral. Go to a rehabilitation center if needed. Most people find that they are taking a drug to fulfill a psychological need during their childhood. Treatment can take months but recovery is a lifelong process.
While under treatment, the person can change his daily routine. He can build new social circles which are made up of people who are not into drugs. Avoid negative people who promote drug use. Overly emotional and stressful people can trigger drug cravings so one should also avoid them at all costs.
Life after Drugs
It is important to find a purpose before doing recovery. The person can set goals and expectations for himself. On top of that, damaged relationships can be rebuilt over time. One can start a new hobby and join recreational programs. One can also pursue education or getting a job. A healthy diet and good habits can develop over time. Maintenance and consistency is the key. Living a life that is not dependent on anything is bliss.